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Onion Varieties

Extant varieties before 1986:
N-2-4-1, N-53, N-257-9-1, Pusa Red, Pusa White Flat, Pusa White Round, Pusa Ratnar, S-131, Early Grano, Punjab Selection, Punjab Red Round, Punjab-48, Punjab Red Round, CO-1(Multiplier), CO-2, CO-3, CO-4, MDU-1, Hissar 2, Kalyanpur Red Round, Udaipur 101, Brown Spanish (Long day) and VL-1 (Long day).

Improved varieties after 1986:
Bhima Red, Bhima Raj, Bhima Super, Bhima Kiran, Bhima Shakti, Bhima Shubra, Bhima Shweta, Bhima Dark RedBaswant-780, Pusa Madhavi, Arka Niketan, Arka Kalyan, Arka Bindu, Arka Pragati, Arka Pitambar, Arka Lalima (F1 hybrid), Arka Kirtiman (F1 hybrid), Phule Safed, Phule Suwarna, Phule Samarth, HOS-1, Agrifound Dark Red, Agrifound Light Red, Agrifound White, L-28, Agrifound Rose, Agrifound Red (Multiplier), Line-355, Udaipur 102, Udaipur 103, Punjab Naroya, Punjab White, Punjab Naroya, Punjab White ,VL-3 (Long day), Akola Safed, Rajasthan Onion-1 and Aprita (RO-59).

Local/ farmers varieties:
Fursungi Local (Pune), Sukhsagar (West Bengal), Bellary Red (Karnataka), K. P. Onion (Andhra Pradesh), Nasik Red (Nasik), Pillipatti Junagarh (Gujrat), Telgi Local (Vijapur) and Nimar Local (Madhya Pradesh)

 

Sr.No. NameOrganization Characteristics 
 1. Arka KalyanIIHR, Bangalore 
 

 It was selected form local collection of Kalwan taluka of Maharashtra, identified for IV, VI, VII & VIII zones during 1987. Bulbs globose shaped, 4-6- cm size with dark red coloured outer scales. TSS 11-12%. Average in storage. Matures in 100-110 days after transplanting. Average yield is 335 quintals / hectare. Suitable for kharif season

  
 2.Arka NiketanIIHR, Bangalore 

It was identified in 1987 for zones IV, VII & VIII. Bulbs globular with thin neck, attractive light red colour, 4-6 cm diameter. TSS 12-14%, pungent. Good for storage. Matures in 145 days after transplanting. Average yield is 340 quintal /hectare. Recommended for rabi season.

  
 3.Agrifound Dark RedNHRDF, Nashik 

It was selected from local collection of kharif onion grown at Nashik and recommended in 1987 for the plains of Sutlej-Ganga. Bulbs are dark red in colour, globular in shape, 4-6 cm in diameter with tight skin, moderately pungent. TSS 12 –13%. Maturity in 95 – 110 days after  transplanting. Yield 300-400 quintal/ hectare. Average in storage. Recommended for kharif season all over the country.

  
 4.Agrifound Light RedNHRDF, NAshik 
 

 It was selected through mass selection from local collection of Dindhori area of Nashik in 1993. The bulbs are globular in shape with tight skin, light red colour and 4-6 cm in diameter. TSS 13%. Good for storage. Maturity in 115-120 days after transplanting. Average yield 300-325 quintals/ hectare. Recommended for growing in rabi season all over the country. It  can  be grown in late kharif season also in Nashik districts of Maharashtra.

  
 5.Agrifound WhiteNHRDF, Nashik 
   

 It was selected from local germplasm of white onion grown during rabi season in Nimad area of Madhya Pradesh. The bulbs are globuler in shape with tight skin, silvery attractive white colour having 4-6 cm diameter. TSS is 14-15%, good in storage. Maturity in 115-120 days after planting. Average yield is 200-250 quintal/ hectare. Good for dehydration and suitable for kharif and rabi season.

    
 6.L-28NHRDF, Nashik 
   

 This variety has been developed through selection for rabi season and identified by AICRP (VC) in 2006. Leaves are dark green, erect with a thin waxy coating. Bulb are dark scarlet red, globular round with thick inner scales. TSS is 13 – 14%. Bulbs have 2-3 outer scales and moderately pungent in taste. It was recommended for cultivation in northern India and has yield potential of 250 – 285 q/ha.

    
 7.N-2-4-1 Agrl. Dept., M.S. 
 

It was identified in 1985 for zones IV, VI & VII. Average bulb diameter is 4-6n cm, globular in shape, pungent in taste. Good for storage. Plant mature in 140-145 days after transplanting. TSS is 12-13%. Average yield 250-300 quintals/ hectare. Recommended mainly for rabi season but can be grown in late kharif and rabi seasons in Maharashtra.

    
 8.N-53Agril. Dept., M.S. 
 

It is popular variety suitable for kharif season all over country. Bulbs are globular in shape, scarlet red, medium to large in size, mild in pungency. TSS 11-12%. Poor in storage. Maturity in 100 – 110 days after  transplanting. Average yield is 150-200 quintal/ hectare.

  
 9.Baswant -780MPKV, Rahuri 
 

Bulbs attractive red in colour, globular in shape, mild in pungency, less bolting with doubles. TSS 11-12%. Average in storage. Maturity in 100-110 days after transplanting. Average yield 200-250 quintal per hectare. Suitable for kharif season in Maharashtra.

  
 10.Phule SafedMPKV, Rahuri 
   

 It is white coloured variety,  selected from local material from Kagal and released in 1994. Bulbs are globular in shape with TSS 13%. Suitable for dehydration. Average yield is 250-300 quintal/ hectare. Storage life is 2-3 months. Recommended for late kharif and rabi season.

    
 11.Phule SuwarnaMPKV, Rahuri 
   

Bulbs are yellow in colour suitable for export to Europe, Australia and America. Bulb size is medium to big. Less pungent, TSS 11.5%, with good in storage (4-6 months), Suitable for late kharif and rabi season. Average yield is 240 quintals/ hectare.

    
 12.Phule SamarthMPKV, Rahuri 
   

 This variety has been developed through selection from a germplasm from Sangamner and notified in 2006. Bulbs are lusterious and dark red in colour. It is moderately resistant to purple blotch and has a yield potential of 300 – 310 q/ha in kharif and 500 – 520 q/ha in late kharif season.

    
13.Akola Safed PDKV, Akola 
   

It was notified in 2006. Plant height is 80 cm, foliage dark green with 8-10 leaves. Bulbs are white in colour with thin neck of 1 cm, bulb diameter 4.9 – 6.5 cm, average bulb weight  is 70-80 g with 11-12% TSS. Bulb attains commercial maturity in 130 – 135 days after planting. Yield potential is 275 – 300 q/ha.

    
 14.Bhima SuperDOGR, Rajgurunagar 
   

 Bhima Super was developed for single centered bulbs by following eight cycles of selection and attaining 95% of single centered bulbs in 2007. Suitable for kharif and late kharif cultivation in the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Gujarat.  Bulbs are compact single centered, medium red colour round bulbs with tapering neck.  The TSS 10-11%.  Average yield 26-28 t/ha in kharif and 40 to 45 t/ha in late kharif season. Early maturing in about 108 days after transplanting during kharif and 115-120 days during late kharif and rabi. It can be stored up to 4 months during late kharif season. Bolters and double bulbs are very less with marketable bulbs more than 90%. Due to its single centeredness, it is most suitable for making rings as well as for salad and can be grown in late kharif and rabi season also for this purpose.

    
 15.Bhima RedDOGR, Rajgurunagar 
   

This variety has been developed through bulb to row selection method. It can be cultivated during kharif and late kharif in the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Gujarat. It is more suitable for late kharif season. It was recommended for cultivation during rabi season by AICRP (VC) during 2009 for Zone VII (Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh). The bulbs possess attractive red colour, round shape with TSS 10.0 to 11.0% and with higher share of marketable bulbs.  Average yield is  27, 52 and 31 t/ha in kharif, late kharif and rabi seasons, respectively in Maharashtra conditions and 29 t/ha during rabi season. Bolters are less than 5% during late kharif and almost no bolters during rabi. It matures in 115-120 days during late kharif and rabi season after transplanting.

    
 16.Bhima RajDOGR, Rajgurunagar 
   

The variety Bhima Raj has been identified by AICRP (VC) during 2007 for rabi cultivation in zone VI comprising states of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Haryana and Delhi. Bulbs are dark red in colour, oval shaped with single centre and thin neck.  The TSS ranges from 10.0 to 11.0%.  This variety is also suitable for kharif and late kharif season in the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Gujarat. It matures in 120-125 days after transplanting with absolutely no bolters in rabi.  Average yield is 25-30 t/ha with high % of marketable bulbs.  The highest yield potential is 40-45 t/ha during late kharif.

    
 17.Bhima KiranDOGR, Rajgurunagar 
   

Bhima Kiran (RO-597) (IC No. 572766) was identified at National level for release during Ist AINRPOG group meeting at CITH, Srinagar during 2010 for two zones viz. Zone III (Delhi, UP, Haryana, Bihar and Punjab) and VI (Maharashtra, Karnataka and AP) for rabi season. Bulb attains immediate light red colour after harvest. Bulbs are oval to round in shape, have very less number of bolters and doubles in rabi (less than 5%), thin neck, TSS 12%, good keeping quality suitable for storage upto 5-6 months. Matures in 130 days after transplanting. The average marketable yield potential is upto 41.5 t/ha during rabi season with national average yield of 30.3 t/ha.

    
 18.Bhima Shakti  DOGR, Rajgurunagar 
   

Bhima Shakti (1156) ( IC No. 572769) released at Institute level for Maharashtra region during 2010 suitable for late kharif as well as rabi season. Bhima Shakti performed better at IIHR, Kalyani, Jabalpur, Akola, Raipur, Rahuri, Parbhani, Hisar, Kalyanpur, Rajgurunagar, Nashik, Junagadh and Muketashwar. Bulbs attains immediate attractive red colour after harvest.  Shape is round.Very less number of bolters 2.15%  & 0.36%  and doubles  5.69% & 1.38% during late kharif and  rabi season, respectively.  TSS 11.8%. Small to medium neck thickness,  uniform neck fall during rabi and more than 70% neck fall during late kharif,Very good storage life.. Bulbs mature in 130 days after transplanting during late kharif and rabi season. It is tolerant to thrips. Marketable yield during late kharif is 45.9 t/ha and during rabi 42.7 t/ha in Mahareashtra with national average yield of 29.18t/ha during rabi season

    
 19.Bhima Shweta DOGR, Rajgurunagar  
   

 Bhima Shweta (White El. Comp. Selection/ NRCWO-2)  (IC No. 572761) developed after random pollination among the selected elite lines followed by mass selection and released at institute level during 2010 particularly for rabi season. The variety has been recommended for Maharashtra and also suitable for Madhya Pradesh, Delhi, Punjab, Uttaranchal, Haryana and Gujarath during rabi season.  Bulbs are attractive white in colour,  round in shape, very less number of bolters and doubles less than 3% in rabi season, thin neck, TSS 11.5%, matures in 110-115 day after transplanting during rabi, medium in keeping quality  upto 3 months during rabi season. Average marketable yield during rabi season is 35.9 t/ha with national average yield of 28.2 t/ha. It is tolerant to thrips.

    
 20.Bhima Shubra DOGR, Rajgurunagar  
   

Bhima Shubra (w-009) (IC No. 572763) released at institute level during 2010 for kharif and late kharif season for Maharashtra region.  Bulbs are attractive white in  colour ,oval to round in shape bulb, have less number of bolters up to 6% during late kharif and no bolters during kharif and doubles less than 3% in late kharif and krarif season, thin neck, TSS 10.4% in kharif and 11.7% in late kharif,  matures in 112 day after transplanting during kharif and 125 days in late kharif. bulbs can be stored for 2-3 months during late kharif. It has capacity to tolerate environmental fluctuation, hence can be cultivated in all the three seasons. Average marketable yield during kharif is 24.16 t/ha and during late kharif 38.9 t/ha can fill the gap for processing from October to February. 

    
 21. Bhima Dark Red  DOGR, Rajgurunagar  
 

Onion variety from DOGR has been identified for Zone II (Jammu, Ludhiana, Delhi, Karnal, Hissar, Durgapura), IV (Jabalpur, Raipur, Chiplima, Akola, Jhalawar), V (Junagadh, Nasik, Rahuri, Pune) & VI (Bagalkot, Bangalore, Coimbatore, Dharwad) for kharif season. Average marketable yield is 20-22 t/ha. It is recommended particularly due to its attractive dark red flat globe bulb. It attains maturity within 95-100 days after transplanting during kharif. 

Last Updated on Tuesday, 28 May 2013 13:00
 

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