The following varieties are recommended for various seasons and regions of the country.

Varieties developed by ICAR-DOGR

Bhima Omkar

This variety has been recommended for cultivation in the states of Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana and Rajasthan. It matures in 120-135 days and average yield is 8-14 t/ha. It produces medium size compact white bulbs.

 Bhima Purple

This variety with attractive purple skinned bulbs has been recommended for cultivation in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh. It matures in 120-135 days and the average yield is 6-7 t/ha.

 Varieties from other organizations

 The garlic varieties developed by National Horticultural Research Development Foundation (NHRDF), Nashik, Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth (MPKV), Rahuri, Chaudhary Charan Singh Agricultural University (CCSHAU), Hisar, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU), Coimbatore, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi, ICAR-Vivekananda Parvatiya Krishi Anusandhan Sansthan (VPKAS), Almora and Junagadh Agricultural University (JAU), Junagadh are listed below. 

 

Table . Other garlic varieties for different regions of the country

Variety

Developed by

Colour

Region

Days to maturity

Yield potential (t/ha)

Short day type

Agrifound White (G-41)

NHRDF

White

Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra

130-135

12-14

Yamuna Safed

(G-1)

NHRDF

White

All India

120-130

15-17

Yamuna Safed-2 (G-50)

NHRDF

White

Northern India

120-130

15-20

Yamuna Safed-3 (G-282)

NHRDF

Creamy white

Chhattisgarh, Gujarat,Haryana,Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh

120-130

17-20

Yamuna Safed-4 (G-323)

NHRDF

White

North and central India

165-175

16-17

Yamuna Safed-5  (G-189)

NHRDF

White

Andaman and Nicobar Island, Arunachal Pradesh,Bihar,Delhi Gujarat, Haryana, Jharkhand,Manipur,Meghalaya,Mizoram, Nagaland,Punjab,Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tarai region of Uttar Pradesh,TripuraandUttarakhand

150-160

17-18

Godavari

MPKV

Purple

Maharashtra

140-145

10-11

Shweta

MPKV

White

Maharashtra

130-135

10-11

Phule Baswant

MPKV

White

Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra

135-140

10.-11

GG 4

JAU

White

Gujarat and Maharashtra

130-140

8-10

Intermediate type

Ooty 1

TNAU

Dull white

Tamil Nadu

120-130

15-17

Long day type

VL Garlic 1

ICAR-VPKAS

White

Bihar,Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh

180-190

Hills:14-15

Plains: 9-10

VL Lahsun 2

ICAR-VPKAS

White

Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir and Uttarakhand

190-200

Mid hills:14-16

Above mid hills: 24-26

Agrifound Parvati

NHRDF

Purple

Hills of Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Jammu & Kashmir and high altitudes of North eastern states like Sikkim etc.

165-175

17-18

Agrifound Parvati-2 (G-408)

NHRDF

White

Hills of Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Jammu &Kashmir and high altitudes of North eastern states like Sikkim etc.

165-175

17-22

Varieties Yamuna Safed-3 and Agrifound Parvati have bigger cloves suitable for export.